Pakistan Ravaged by Floods

By: Marwan Arafa 

Never before seen floods have affected the south Asian nation of Pakistan, which is hit, along with many other Asian nations, with annual monsoons that bring in seasonal rain and flooding. However, this year, with effects brought on by Climate Change, Pakistan is suffering from an amount of floods that have never been recorded in history which has nearly a third of the country underwater. With 33 million people affected in the country of 220 million and nearly 7.9 million displaced according to Reuters. These events will not only cause short term, but also long term effects on the nation. It is predicted by that Pakistan will suffer an economic loss of $12.5 billion as a direct result of the destruction caused by the flooding. 

Furthermore, western media does not cover the Pakistani deluge as well as it covers topics such as the Russia-Ukraine war. The connections between the massive floods and global warming has been rarely reported on and the amount of limited coverage only brings up the thought of there being an agenda of the media, to cover a topic such as the war raging in Eastern Russia every day, consistently and without stop, and not cover properly massive flooding that has impacted more than 30 million citizens, displaced millions, killed thousands, and submerged a third of the nation underwater. 

While the suffering of the Ukrainian people in the continuing war is no less important, the dichotomy of the reporting of the flooding in Pakistan and the war in Ukraine is hard to doubt and adds to the case of the Ukrainian war overshadowing a major event such as that in Pakistan.

The Russian Draft

By: Mia Allen

Alexey Malgavko/Reuters

The highly publicized war between Ukraine and Russia, which began on February 24 of this year, has been raging for about seven months now. Vladimir Putin has recently sent out a draft that will add 300,000 people to the Russian army. Firstly, what is a draft? states that a draft is “The mandatory enrollment of individuals into the armed forces.” This draft came as a surprise, causing many Russians to resist their government. The draft was originally put off because of potential backlash, but Putin was pressured by pro-war supporters. The pro-war Russians are not pleased with the way that Putin is implementing the draft because they feel that the draftees lack proper military training.  

The draft is affecting more indigenous Russian groups like the Yukaghirs and the Sakha’s.  The main problem in these areas is the numbers of which these men are being drafted. The New York Times stated, “And even a member of the Russian parliament who represents the region, Sardana V. Avksentiev wrote on social media on Thursday that she had heard of a 300 person village in which 47 men were called up.” (Troianovski,10)  This is leading to a sense of panic for the smaller communities. In another statement made by the New York Times, “Kirill Shamiev, who studies Russian civil-military relations at the Central European University in Vienna, said that it was because remote areas and marginalized groups were seen as less likely to protest.” (Trioanovski,15)  

    The draft has also caused a state of fear among the Russian people.  Massive amounts of people are leaving Russia. New York Times wrote, “Protests have erupted in far- flung cities, recruitment centers have been the target of arson, and thousand of military-age men have packed planes and vehicles to flee across Russia’s borders.”(Hopkins, Bengali, Yuhas, 3)  It is now estimated that over 260,000 men have left Russia because of the draft. Russian men are crossing the border into Mongolia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and Finland. Now the amount of Russians entering Georgia has doubled since the implementation of this draft. The president of Kazakhstan, Kassym Jomart Tokayev said, “ In recent days, many people from Russia have been coming to us. Most forced to leave the country because of the current hopeless situation. We must take care of them and ensure their safety. This is a political and humanitarian issue.” Kazakhstan also is not sending any refugees back that are coming from Russia.  There are also rumors that Russia will close their borders to Military aged men. In a region called North Ossetia they are setting up draft offices at the border so they can hand people draft papers forcing them to stay in the country. 

    The Kremlin is taking into account that there are problems with the draft, but they are placing blame on local officials for trying to mobilize resistant citizens. Some other regions are taking matters into their own hands and are trying to fix the problems.  Citizens of Russia are retaliating because of the draft order. In Irkutsk there was a shooting at a draft office and 18 arson attempts at draft offices and government buildings across the country. As we watch from the other side of the war, we shall witness if this draft is successful or if Putin’s military plans will be impacted by a lack of new personnel. 


Troianvski, Anton. “Putin’s Draft Draws Resistance in Russia Far-Flung Regions.”, 23 Sept. 2022,

Hopkins, Valerie, et al. “Russia Admits to Draft Problems as Anger Flares Into Violence.”, 26 Sept. 2022,

Light, Felix. “Desperation on Russia’s Borders as Draft-Eligible Men Flee.”, 27 Sept. 2022,

Romashova, Olya. “I Won’t Go and Kill My Brothers! Russians Set Fire to Draft Centres.”, 29 Sept. 2022, “Selective Service | USAGov.” Selective Service | USAGov, 21 June 2022,,case%20of%20a%20national%20emergency.

Prince Charles Under Investigation in Cash-For-Honors Affair

By Marwan Arafa

On February 16th, Scotland Yard launched an investigation into Prince Charles’ charity regarding alleged offers of royal honors and British citizenship to a Saudi businessman who donated to the Prince’s charity. This comes a day after Prince Andrew reached a settlement with Virginia Guffrey concering allegations of sexual abuse.

 Clarence House, president of Prince Charles’ foundation stated that the Prince had “no knowledge of the alleged offer of honors or British citizenship on the basis of donation to his charities.” After London police received a letter last September regarding reports that an employee of Prince Charles’ offered to aid in securing honors and citizenship for a Saudi citizen. These allegations would be classified as offenses under the Prevention of Abuses Act of 1925.  Police say at this time, no arrests have been made. 

However, the charity also announced that it will be conducting an investigation into these claims. These allegations came in the same year of Queen Elizabeth II’s Platinum Jubilee- a year of celebration of the Queen’s 70 year reign. While Prince Charles is the president of the charity foundation, it is said that he is not involved in its normal everyday activities. The prince’s office stated that “The Prince of Wales had no knowledge of the alleged offer of honors or British citizenship on the basis of donation to his charities.”

After 17 Years, Brood X is Emerging Across the East Coast

By: Alexis Cope

For the first time in nearly two decades, a horde of billions of cicadas, labeled “Brood X”, has emerged and swarmed areas of the northeast. 

These insects, called periodical cicadas, live 13 or 17 year life cycles, most of which is spent underground eating roots and other plants. In the last months of their lives, the cicadas will emerge, shed out of their juvenile skin, and begin searching for a mate. That droning buzzing sound you often associate with cicadas is, in fact, the males issuing their mating calls. 

While Brood X is only going to swarm in states like Pennsylvania, Indiana, Ohio, and West Virginia, other periodical cicadas exist across nearly every eastern state. Residents of the afflicted states this year have catalogued the cicadas’ takeover; many have shared images of cicadas crawling over their faces, the ground, and jars full of collected cicada shells. Some have even begun posting recipes online for such delicacies as chocolate covered cicadas for anyone who feels like a forager at heart.

Victory Urbanstead, via Instagram

At the moment, there are a dozen periodical cicada broods on the 17-year cycle, such as Brood X, and three broods on a 13-year cycle. Brood X is the only brood which will emerge this year; the next time these cicadas will appear is 2024, when Brood XIII,  a 17-year cicada, and Brood XIX, a 13-year cicada, emerge. Brood XIX will appear in several areas in North Carolina, including Wake County. 

Periodical cicadas in the U.S., U.S. FOREST SERVICE

These periodical cicadas typically only live above ground for four to six weeks, so if you want to witness this incredible phenomenon in the wild, take a road trip up to West Virginia soon. Me, though, I’ll be staying home where I don’t have to hear the racket of those creepy-crawlies covering nearly every surface.

Four Takeaways From Biden’s First Address to Congress

By: Alexis Cope

On Wednesday night, President Biden addressed his first joint session of Congress, reviewing his first 100 days in office and suggesting new plans he wishes to put in motion. He said, “America is on the move again,” and made it clear he wished to keep the nation moving.

The session was held in the House chamber due to security and health concerns raised by the January 6th attack and COVID-19. Not all members of Congress were present, and the address lasted for around an hour. 

Two women on the podium make history.

For the first time in history, two women, one a woman of color, were seated behind the president as he spoke to the members in attendance. Vice President Kamala Harris and Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi framed either side of the president, creating a powerful image for all watching to view.

Biden recognized this as he entered the chamber, saying, “Madam Speaker. Madam Vice President. No president has ever said those words before, and it’s about time.”

Bipartisanship is critical, but Biden is ready to act.

When discussing new proposed federal spending programs, Biden stressed the idea that he is willing, ready, and keen to work with the Republican members of Congress, but should they fail to cooperate, he will move forward without their approval. “Doing nothing is not an option,” he said.

Getting Republican members of Congress on his side will likely be one of Biden’s most difficult tasks as president. In his inaugural address, Biden stressed the importance of this point, proclaiming, “the American story depends on…all of us….[this] requires that most elusive of things in a democracy: Unity. Unity.” 

So far, it seems, the president has not quite gotten what he wished for on that score. Though he did praise a group of Republicans who “put forward their proposal,” there was often little reaction from the party to some of Biden’s remarks. None of the attending Republicans clapped when Biden announced his goal of cutting child poverty in half or after the session.

Biden wants to put America, and her middle/lower class, first.

Biden announced new changes to his American Jobs Plan, pledging that “American tax dollars are going to be used to buy American products made in America that create American jobs.” He also mentioned how “clean energy will create jobs for America,” thereby addressing his promises to help control climate change and help the nation’s economy. This plan also contains budgets for improving the nation’s infrastructure.

Biden also discussed his new American Families Plan, which primarily focuses on providing more families, specifically those of a lower income, with better education opportunities. Among other things, this plan will allow for free preschool services and two years of free community college. The plan will also support longer medical leaves for families and solidify protections and relief plans for COVID-19 that were once only temporary.

The COVID-19 crisis is bettering.

Biden also patted himself on the back for all he has done to curb the coronavirus pandemic. 

Flexing the number of vaccinations completed within his first 100 days in office, most of which were distributed to seniors, Biden did not confront the looming hurdle of many Americans’ distrust of and hesitancy to take the vaccine. In order to reach herd immunity, nearly 70% of the population would need to be vaccinated, a number which might be hard to achieve given the current mindset of many. 

Biden did, however, urge all listening to take advantage of the vaccination sites popping up across the country. “Go get vaccinated, America,” he said.

Eight Influential Women of the 2020s

By: Sarah Govert

Ever since 1987, March has been observed as Women’s History Month in the United States. This month is a celebration of women’s contributions to history, culture, and society. Women’s History Month provides an opportunity to remember all of the contributions of women to United States history, from Susan B. Anthony to Rosa Parks. During this month, we have the opportunity to recognize women and their significant contributions to the history of the United States and the world, including some incredibly important, yet virtually unknown, figures.

Stacey Abrams

Stacey Abrams was born on December 9, 1973 in Madison, Wisconsin and gained country and world-wide recognition during 2020 for her efforts in Georgia to register voters for the 2020 election and destroy voter suppression. Abrams served in the Georgia House of Representatives from 2007-2017 and served as the minority leader from 2011-2017. She was also the first African-American woman to give the rebuttal to the State of the Union on February 5, 2018. Abrams founded Fair Fight 2020 on August 17, 2019, an organization which assists Democrats in 20 states to build voter protection teams. Abrams also served as an elector for the state of Georgia in the 2020 election and was credited with a large increase in Democratic votes in Georgia, as well as around 800,000 voter registrations. At the 2021 NAACP Awards, Abrams was awarded the Social Justice Impact award, and she has also been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. To learn more about Stacey Abrams and the Fair Fight Foundation, see this link.

Jacinda Ardern

Jacinda Ardern was born on July 26, 1980 in Hamilton, New Zealand, where she now serves as the 40th Prime Minister. Ardern has served as Prime Minister and head of the Labour Party since 2017. Elected at the age of 37, she is the youngest New Zealand Prime Minister in over 150 years. Ardern has set new norms as the PM, starting with the fact that she took six weeks of maternity leave while in office following the birth of her daughter and announced that her partner will be a stay-at-home father. Some of her goals as PM include halving child poverty in New Zealand, increasing paid parental leave, and implementing minimum wage increases. In addition, Ardern received global praise for her handling of the pandemic, as New Zealand successfully eradicated both waves of COVID-19. To learn more about Jacinda Ardern and some of her actions as Prime Minister, see this link.

Taylor Swift

Taylor Swift was born on December 13, 1989 and is one of the best-selling music artists of all time with sales of over 200 million records worldwide. Over the course of her career, Swift has released nine studio albums, ranging from the country album of “Taylor Swift” in 2006 to the folk/indie/alternative rock album of “evermore” in 2020. She has won 11 Grammy Awards, an Emmy Award, 28 Guinness World Records, 32 American Music Awards, and 23 Billboard Music Awards. Swift has the most American Music Awards and Billboard Music Award wins for a woman in her field. In addition, she was named Woman of the Decade by Billboard and Artist of the Decade by the American Music Awards. She has also been active in several feminist, gun control reform, and equality movements, including the March for Our Lives movement, Every Woman Counts campaign, Time’s Up movement, and can even be credited with an increase of 65,000 voter registrations within 24 hours of a social media post. To learn more about Taylor Swift and her music, see this link.

Ozlem Tureci

Ozlem Tureci was born on March 6, 1967 in Lastrup, Germany and is mainly known for founding BioNTech in 2008, which developed the first approved COVID-19 vaccine in 2020. Tureci is the current chief medical officer at BioNTech, and she was also the founder and CEO of Ganymed Pharmaceuticals from 2008-2016. BioNTech is a company focused on developing and manufacturing immunotherapies as a treatment for cancer and other diseases. In March of 2020, BioNTech began work on a COVID-19 vaccine with Pfizer, and the vaccine was approved in 11 months. Tureci decided to apply the mRNA vaccine technology she had been researching for years to the pandemic and now plans to create an mRNA-based cancer vaccine. To learn more about Tureci and her research, see this link.

Naomi Osaka

Naomi Osaka was born on October 16, 1997 in Chūō-ku, Osaka, Japan and is known for being the first woman to win successive Grand Slam singles titles since Serena Williams, and for beating Serena Williams in the US Open in 2018. By defeating Serena Williams in the Open, she became the first Japanese player to win a Grand Slam singles title. She achieved this feat at the age of 21. Osaka also became the first Asian tennis player to hold the rank of No. 1 in the world. In 2020, she was also the highest-earning female athlete of all time. Osaka is also an activist, and she has used her platform as an athlete to further her causes and show her support for movements such as the Black Lives Matter movement and anti-Asian hate movement. She withdrew from The Cincinnati Open in 2020 to raise awareness for the shooting of Jacob Blake and wore masks that displayed the names of African-Americans that mainly died as a result of the police, including Tamir Rice, Ahmaud Arbery, Breonna Taylor, and Trayvon Martin. She also attended protests in Minnesota for the killing of George Floyd. Osaka was named a Sportsperson of the Year by Sports Illustrated in 2020 for her activism, alongside athletes such as Patrick Mahomes and LeBron James. To learn more about Naomi Osaka, see this link.


Lizzo was born Melissa Viviane Jefferson on April 27, 1988 in Detroit, Michigan and is known as a singer, rapper, flautist, and proponent of body positivity and self-love. Lizzo rose to fame in 2017 following the success of hits such as “Juice,” “Truth Hurts,” and “Tempo.” She is the recipient of three Grammy Awards, two Soul Train Music Awards, a Billboard Music Award, and a BET Award. Lizzo is a major advocate for self-love, and her group of back-up dancers consists of all plus-size dancers. She believes that body positivity has become commercialized, and she wants to be “body-normative.” She also called for continued change in the movement and expressed her desire to make people uncomfortable because “Change is always uncomfortable, right?” To learn more about Lizzo and her stance on body positivity, see this link.

Christine Lagarde

Christine Lagarde was born on January 1, 1956 in Paris, France and currently serves as the President of the European Central Bank. She is the first woman to hold this position. Previously, Lagarde served as the Chair and Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund from 2011-1019, and she was also the first woman to hold that position. The European Central Bank is responsible for the monetary policy of European Union member countries that use the euro, a group of countries known as the eurozone. Right now, Lagarde is responsible for ensuring that the pandemic doesn’t continue to wreak havoc on the eurozone. Additionally, she served in various positions for the Government of France, such as Minister of Commerce, Minister of Agriculture and Fishing, and Minister of Economy, Finance, and Industry. To learn more about Christine Lagarde, see this link.

Ursula von der Leyen

Ursula von der Leyen was born on October 8, 1958 in Ixelles, Belgium and is currently the President of the European Commission. von der Leyen is the first woman to serve in this position. The European Commission manages the European Union’s budget, proposes new laws and policies, and supports international development, among many other duties. Previously, she served as a member of Angela Merkel’s cabinet from 2005-2019. von der Leyen served in Merkel’s cabinet as the Minister of Family Affairs and Youth (2005-2009), Minister of Labor and Social Affairs (2009-2013), and Minister of Defense (2013-2019). She was the first woman to serve as the German defense minister. She has also advocated for an initiative that called for a mandatory blockage of child pornography, introduced a model for paid parental leave in Germany, and introduced the Child Advancement Act. To learn more about Ursula von der Leyen and her role as President of the European Commission, see this link.

Women hold incredibly important roles in diverse positions all across the globe. We have the ability to make significant change. Whether you are an athlete, an artist, or just a girl posting on social media, you too have the power to support the workings of government, maintain finances in the midst of a pandemic, and support your community, making others feel loved. I encourage you to continue learning more about the contributions and achievements of women across the globe in this month and take them as an example of everything you are also capable of.

Gina Carano Fired from Disney+ Series “The Mandalorian”

By: Lindsay Gorman

Giana Carano, who played Cara Dune on Disney+’s “The Mandalorian,” was fired by LucasFilms in early February due to her controversial social media posts. 

Carano came under fire after she posted an image of Nazi Germany on her Instagram story with the caption: “Jews were beaten in the streets, not by Nazi soldiers but by their neighbors..even by children. Because history is edited, most people today didn’t realize that to get to the point where Nazi soldiers could easily round up thousands of Jews, the governement first made their own neighbors hate them simply for being Jews. How is that any different from hating someone for their political views?”

Carano is known for speaking her mind on social media, but this post was the last straw for the company. LucasFilms stated that “her social media posts [were] denigrating people based on their cultural and religious identities,” which they called “abhorrent and unacceptable.” Fans have called for her firing since September of 2020, after she put the words “boop/bob/beep” in her twitter bio, which many found especially offensive towards the transgender community. She removed the words after her co-star, Pedro Pascal, informed her of why people have included their pronouns in their social media bios. However, there are still several controversial posts left on her social media that include being anti-mask sentiments and claims that “Jeffery Epstein didn’t kill himself.”

A LucasFilms spokesman reported, “Gina Carano is not currently employed by LucasFilms and there are no plans for her in the future.” Some fans have started a petition calling for a mea culpa from the company that has nearly 73,000 signatures. 

Carano has avoided an apology for her offensive posts and instead harped on “cancel culture”. She has announced a new project with Ben Shapiro from Daily Wire, a conservative media company. Details are still under wrap, but the Daily Wire plans to have Carano develop, produce and star in an upcoming film. “The Daily Wire is helping make one of my dreams – to develop and produce my own film – come true.” Carano told the Daily Wire “they can’t cancel us if we don’t let them.”

The Hidden Figures of Black History

By: Amarah Din and Sarah Govert

The month of February is dedicated to learning about and honoring Black history. Black History Month was first celebrated by Black professors and students at Kent State University in February of 1970. United States President Gerald Ford officially recognized February as Black History Month in 1976. As Americans, it’s our responsibility to recognize the endurance of the Black community and what certain figures within have accomplished.

Alvin Ailey

Alvin Ailey was born on January 5, 1931, in Rogers, Texas and passed away from an AIDS related illness on December 1, 1989, in Manhattan, New York. Growing up, he was abandoned by his father when he was three months old and was forced to work in cotton fields with his mother, as it was the only employment that was available to them. He would go and watch people dance in order to escape, and he saw his first ballet in 1946 in Los Angeles when he was 15 years old. In 1949, one of his friends took him to the studio of dance teacher Lester Horton. Horton’s studio was one of the first that was racially integrated, and Ailey was able to study a large range of dance techniques while at his studio. He took over as artistic director and choreographer at Horton’s studio after he died suddenly of a heart attack in 1953, and he choreographed the Broadway show House of Flowers in 1954. In 1958, Ailey founded the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater. In the ballets that he choreographed, he employed a mixture of jazz, ballet, modern dance, and spirituals to celebrate and shed light on the Black experience in America, also drawing on his memories of growing up in Texas in the 1930s. He posthumously received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2014. To learn more about Ailey and his company, see this link.

Cori Bush:

Born on July 21st, 1976 in St. Louis, Missouri, Cori Bush accomplished a lot of firsts for her state. In her early life, she quit her job when she had her son, Zion, who was born four months premature. She had another son, Angel, soon after and had to return to work. Unfortunately, she and her family were homeless and moved from place to place for months until her boss secured a new home for the family. After becoming a single mother, she earned her nursing degree in 2008 from the Lutheran School of Nursing. She was an RN at SSM Health Saint Louis University Hospital and became a pastor after starting her own church called the Kingdom Embassy International Church. She later became a nursing supervisor. Bush was at the forefront of protests against the murder of Michael Brown Jr. in 2014. She spent 400 days protesting in Ferguson. Bush ran for U.S. Congressional seats in 2016 and 2018 but lost both times. She achieved a win in 2020, after being elected to Missouri’s 1st Congressional District, making her the district’s first female representative and the state’s first Black woman and nurse representative. Despite being a victim of police brutality and a survivor of rape, Cori Bush stands as an inspiration for Black women across America. To learn more about her efforts, check out this link.

Jean-Michel Basquiat

Jean-Michel Basquiat was born on December 22, 1960, in Brooklyn, New York and passed away from a heroin overdose on August 12, 1988, in Manhattan, New York. He was the second of four children. Basquiat was a talented artist from a young age, and he was sent to Saint Ann’s School, an exclusive arts-oriented private school in New York City. By the age of seven, he had created a children’s book with best friend Marc Prozzo. His mother was in and out of mental institutions since he was 10 years old, leading him to run away from home at the age of 15. He was arrested and returned home within the week, then going on to attend City-As-School. Basquiat and Al Diaz, a schoolmate of his, started spray painting graffiti on buildings in Lower Manhattan in May of 1978. They went by the pseudonym SAMO. This project ended, along with their friendship, in the early 1980s. After the SAMO project concluded, Basquiat worked as a solo artist, first gaining recognition in The Times Square Show in June of 1980. He then had his first solo show in May of 1981, and he became the youngest artist ever to participate in documenta, an exhibition of contemporary art that takes place in Kassel, Germany every five years, at age 21. He also became the youngest artist ever to participate in the Whitney Biennial exhibition of contemporary art. If you want to learn more about Basquiat and his artwork, see this link.

Shirley Chisholm:

Shirley Chisholm was born on November 30th, 1924, in Brooklyn, New York to immigrant parents. She graduated from Brooklyn College in 1946 and later graduated from Columbia University with a master’s in elementary education. She was the director of the Hamilton-Madison Child Care Center and the educational consultant for New York City’s Bureau of Child Welfare. She was the first ever Black woman elected to the U.S. Congress where she worked in committees such as the House Forestry Committee, Veterans’ Affairs Committee, and the Education and Labor Committee. In 1969, she co-founded the Congressional Black Caucus. She made history in 1972 when she became the first Black person and second woman to run for a major political party’s nomination for U.S. President. She expressed, “I am not the candidate of Black America, although I am Black and proud. I am not the candidate of the women’s movement of this country, although I am a woman and I am equally proud of that. I am the candidate of the people, and my presence before you now symbolizes a new era in American political history.” She unfortunately lost the Democratic nomination to Senator George McGovern. After serving seven terms in Congress, she left to teach at Mount Holyoke College. She was an active member of NOW and the NAACP, and she was later inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame. After her passing in 2005, Chisholm was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2015 by former President Barack Obama—the first African-American President. Before her passing, she wrote an autobiography entitled Unbought and Unbossed(1970) and another book about her experience running for President in The Good Fight(1973). Shirley Chisholm paved the way for women of color in politics. To learn more about her life, check out this link.

Dr. Charles Drew

Dr. Charles Drew was born on June 3, 1904, in Washington, DC and passed away from injuries due to a car accident on April 1, 1950, in Burlington, North Carolina. He was born to a middle-class family in Washington, DC, to a father who worked as a carpet layer and a mother who was trained as a teacher. Drew attended Amherst College on an athletic scholarship, and spent the two years after he graduated at Morgan College as a chemistry and biology professor, football coach, and athletic director in order to gain money to pay for medical school. He attended McGill University in Toronto for medical school and graduated second in his class. He worked as a faculty instructor at Howard University and later did graduate work at Columbia University, where he received a Doctor of Science in Surgery. In 1940, he received a Doctor of Science in Medicine, becoming the first African-American to do so. During his graduate work, he did exhaustive studies and research on blood preservation methods. Because of this, he was recruited by John Scudder just before the United States entered World War II to be the medical director for the Blood for Britain project. The goal of the Blood for Britain project was to give blood from Americans to British soldiers, and Drew’s job was to collect, test, and transport the blood. During this project, Dr. Drew started bloodmobiles, made sure all blood plasma was tested, and created a central location where all donors could give blood. In 1941, he was appointed director of the American Red Cross Blood Bank for his work during the Blood for Britain project, but he resigned in 1942 after the military ruled that African-American blood would be stored separately from the blood of whites. Drew became the first African-American surgeon to serve as an examiner on the American Board of Surgery in 1941, and he was also awarded the Spingarn Medal by the NAACP in 1944. To learn more about Dr. Drew and his work on blood storage, see this link.

Alice Coachman

Alice Coachman was born on November 9th, 1923, in Albany, Georgia. She was a natural-born athlete, and was encouraged by her fifth grade teacher and her aunt to advance her talents, despite her parents lack of support. Tuskegee Institute took a liking to Coachman after reviewing her performance in track and field at Madison High School and offered her a scholarship at its high school program. She accepted and competed in the segregated South. She advanced to the college division in 1943 for both track and field and basketball. She won four national championships in track events. In 1949, Coachman graduated from Albany State College with a B.S. degree in Home Economics and a minor in science. At just 24-years-old, she competed in the 1948 Olympic games in London, where she won a gold medal for high jumping a record-setting 5ft 6.125in. With this earning, she became the first ever Black woman to win an Olympic Gold Medal. She won thirty-four national titles and was inducted into multiple halls of fame. She founded the Alice Coachman Track and Field Foundation which provided support for new and up-coming athletes, as well as retired athletes. She passed away in her hometown of Albany on July 14th, 2014. Alice Coachman defied the status quo and pushed through barriers set by the Jim Crow South. Get to know more about her impact on the world of athletics at this link.

William H. Hastie Jr.

William Hastie Jr. was born on November 17, 1904, in Knoxville, Tennessee and passed away on April 14, 1976, in East Norriton, Pennsylvania. Hastie attended Amherst College and graduated first in his class. He then received a Bachelor of Laws from Harvard Law School in 1930, followed by a Doctor of Judicial Science, also from Harvard Law School, in 1933. From 1930-1933, Hastie worked in private practice in Washington, DC, but served as the assistant solicitor for the Department of the Interior from 1933-1937. President Roosevelt appointed Hastie to the District Court of the Virgin Islands in 1937, and by doing so, made Hastie the first African-American federal judge. He served on the district court until 1939, when he stepped down to become the dean of the Howard University School of Law, with Thurgood Marshall studying under him. In the case of Smith v Allwright, which ruled against white primaries, Hastie served as a co-lead lawyer with Marshall. Hastie worked as a civilian aide to the Secretary of War during World War II, but he resigned from his position in 1943 in protest to the racially segregated training facilities, inadequate training, and uneven assignment distribution in the Air Force. He was awarded the Spingarn Medal from the NAACP for both his actions during the war and his lifetime achievements. In 1946, President Truman appointed Hastie as Territorial Governor of the Virgin Islands, becoming the first African-American to have this position. In 1949, he was appointed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit by President Truman, and he was confirmed by the Senate in 1950. He also served as the Chief officer of the Judicial Conference of the United States from 1968-1971. To learn more about Hastie and his achievements in the judicial branch, see this link.

Maj. Nancy Leftenant-Colon:

Nancy Leftenant-Colon was born on September 29th, 1920, growing up with 12 siblings. From an early age, she dreamed of becoming a nurse, though military service was taken up by many of her siblings. Due to the Army Nurse Corps being a whites-only service, she joined the Army Reserves in 1945. After the military was desegregated, Leftenant-Colon became the first Black woman to join the Army Air Corps in 1948. Being a traveling nurse, she feared racism on her journeys between bases in the South and tried to avoid contact with anyone in her travels. She became a flight nurse in the 1950s and traveled with a Tuskegee crew in Korea, Japan, and Germany. After 20 years, she retired from service and worked as a nurse at Amityville High School. To add onto her list of achievements, she was the first female president of the Tuskegee Airmen Inc., which honors the history of aviation service along with providing financial support. Leftenant-Colon serves as an inspiration for young Black women joining the military. She recently celebrated her 100th birthday, in which she was awarded the title of “Living Legend” by the Women In Military Service For America Memorial Foundation. Check out a video of her celebrating her birthday back in September at this link!

Dr. Huey P. Newton

Dr. Huey Newton was born on February 17, 1942, in Monroe, Louisiana and was assassinated on August 22, 1989, in Oakland, California. His family moved to Oakland during the second wave of the Great Migration in response to the extreme violence in Louisiana’s Ouachita Parish. Newton was arrested several times during his teenage years, including charges for gun possession and vandalism. He earned an Associate of Arts degree in 1966 from Merritt College, studied at San Francisco Law School, earned a bachelor’s degree from the University of California at Santa Cruz, and earned a PhD in social philosophy at the University of California at Santa Cruz as well. While he was studying at Merritt College, Newton joined the Afro-American Association and learned about Black history from the leader of the AAA, Donal Warden. He also met Bobby Seale while he studied at Merritt, and together, the two founded the Black Panther Party for Self Defense in 1966. Seale was the Chairman, and Newton was the Minister of Defense. The Black Panther Party advocated for the right of self-defense for Black people in the United States and was greatly influenced by Malcolm X. The political goals of the Black Panther Party included better housing, jobs, and education. The party also had a Ten-Point Program, which was a set of guidelines for their ideals. Newton and the Black Panther Party were able to create social programs in Oakland, including the Oakland Community School and Free Breakfast for Children Program. In 1968, Newton was convicted of voluntary manslaughter for the killing of police officer John Frey and was sentenced to 2-15 years in prison. In 1970, the conviction was reversed and eventually dismissed by the Alameda County Superior Court. Newton was murdered in 1989 by Tyrone Robinson, who said that his motive was to advance in the Black Guerilla Family prison gang. The Dr. Huey P. Newton Foundation was founded by his widow, Fredrike Newton, in 1993. To learn more about Dr. Newton, see this link, and to learn more about this foundation, see this link.

Marsha P. Johnson:

Marsha P. Johnson was born on August 24, 1945, in Elizabeth, New Jersey and passed away from undetermined causes on July 6, 1992, in New York City, New York. Johnson was born Malcolm Michaels Jr to a deeply religious family. At the age of five, Johnson decided that she wanted to start wearing dresses, attracting the attention of boys that lived nearby that were determined to harass and sexually assault her. After graduating from Edison High School, Johnson left home and moved to Greenwich Village in New York City in 1966. Johnson identified as gay and as a queen, in reference to her work as a drag queen. It was then that Johnson decided on the moniker of Marsha P. Johnson as her drag queen name. From 1970-1990s, Johnson performed as a member of the Hot Peaches, an NYC-based drag performance troupe. On the day of the Stonewall Riots on June 28, 1969, she arrived at the Stonewall Inn after the riots had already begun. Johnson was identified as one of the individuals that led the way in pushing back the police during the riots. After the riots, Johnson marched in the first Gay Pride rally in 1970 and joined the Gay Liberation Front. She also staged a sit-in protest at Weinstein Hall at NYU when she found out that administrators had canceled a dance sponsored by gay organizations. Johnson also founded the STAR House, a shelter in New York City for gay and trans street kids, in 1972. To learn more about Marsha P. Johnson and her activism for gay rights, see this link.

Black History Month is a celebration of the achievements of Black people and their crucial role in American history, and all of these men and women are incredible examples of the kind of change and achievements that this month is able to recognize and celebrate. We encourage you to continue to learn more about the achievements and role of Black people in American history and world history in this month and beyond.

A Look Into The Past: The Cary Towne Center

By: Avery Phillips

At the end of January, the Cary Towne Center, once known as the Cary Village Mall, closed once and for all. The students of Cary High have a personal connection with the Cary Towne Center as it has been a hotspot for socializing since the 1980’s. Even when the mall was deemed “dead,” students would often meet after school and use the walkways and empty lots as a place to meet with friends. But, believe it or not, the Cary Towne Center was once full of stores and bustling with activity. Have you ever wondered what used to be in those empty lots? Let’s take a look back in time and see. 

Time-Out Arcade

Time-Out was a popular arcade chain that could be found in malls all around eastern America. The arcade’s name was originally Time-Out Tunnel, which was appropriate considering the design. The arcade’s entrance and pathways had a rainbow-like tunnel theme and the interior was colorful and fun. Time-Out’s peak in popularity was between 1979 and 1984. 


Though it may be difficult to imagine now, there once was a Rite-Aid pharmacy at the front of the Cary Towne Center. Though it offered a variety of everyday use items generally found in drugstores, it was set apart from its competitors with their sale of mixed nuts in a revolving heating rack. The pharmacy offered a place for students to grab a variety of necessities such as school supplies and snacks pre-Harris Teeter.

Cousin’s Pizza

Cousin’s Pizza was a big hit at the Cary Towne Center during the 80’s and 90’s. They had an open kitchen so the customers were able to watch as employees flipped and threw dough into the air. Students could often be found stopping by during their lunch break.

Aloha Restaurant 

According to @Laurenwins on, Aloha Restaurant was “Chinese with a vague Hawaiian theme.” They had open candle flames on the tables in which chicken or pork wrapped in aluminum could be cooked over.

Honorable Mentions:

K&K Toys

Not to be confused with KB Toys, who was also in the mall at the same time, he similar names are purely coincidental.

The Surf Report

This store was designated for beachwear and surf boards. 

Family Bookstores

This local bookstore was later replaced with B. Dalton Booksellers.

The Legendary Life of Sir Captain Thomas Moore

By: Kiera Kofkin-Hansen 

The pandemic has been raging for almost a year now, and many individuals along with countries have started to take their relief even further: vaccination distributions, stricter quarantines, fundraises, and simple “Thank You’s” to the front-line workers. One man spent the last few months of his life dedicating it to the people of the United Kingdom’s National Health Service. 

Captain Sir Thomas Moore passed away on February 2nd of this year (only two months before his 101st birthday!!!) and lived an extraordinary life. Born in 1920, Thomas Moore grew up to serve in the British Army during WWII in India and Myanmar. After the war ended, he served another 15 years in the British Army, earning himself the title of Captain. 

Once he retired from the British Army as a heavily decorated soldier, Captain Thomas Moore went into business, heading not one, but two successful businesses in the roofing and concrete industries. He thoroughly enjoyed photography, and was a member of the Keighley and District Photographic Association. On top of running successful businesses and being an avid photographer, Moore also spent much of his life competitively racing motorcycles, purchasing his first bike at just 12 years old. 

The most astonishing achievement of Captain Thomas Moore however was the amount of money he raised for the National Health Service (NHS). Moore made a pledge on April 6th 2020 at age 99 that he would walk 100 laps around his backyard before he turned 100, with the hopes of raising £1,000 for the NHS. By the time his campaign ended on his 100th birthday however, Captain Thomas Moore had raised £39 million. So many people from within the UK and around the world were in awe of the dedication this veteran, who had lived for a century, had in order to help the people working hardest during these trying times, that they raised money that surpassed his wildest dreams. 

Captain Thomas Moore became a national inspiration: he received awards, honorary songs and bus stops made in his name, and most of all was knighted by the Queen of England herself. Making her first public engagement since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic, on July 17th, 2020, Queen Elizabeth II knighted Captain Thomas Moore after he was nominated by the Prime Minister of England for the honor (which is where the “Sir” comes into his name). 

Sir Captain Thomas Moore sadly passed away early 2021; however, he will forever be known as an inspiration to the United Kingdom and the world as a whole.